Mohammed Bin Dawood Chagri, the ruler of the great Seljuk empire known as Muhammad Alparslan was the second sultan of the Seljuk Empire and great-grandson of Seljuk, the eponymous founder of the dynasty. He greatly expanded the Seljuk territory and consolidated his power, defeating rivals to south and northwest and his victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert, in 1071, ushered in the Turkoman settlement of Anatolia. For his military prowess and fighting skills, he obtained the name Alp Arslan, which means “Heroic Lion” in Turkish.
He ascended to the throne as second sultan of Seljuk Dynasty after his uncle Tuğrul Bey on 27th of April 1064. The 12th and 13th century historians had cited the date of his birth as 1032-33; the later sources cited it as 1029-30. İbnü’l-Esir, who was one of the most reliable historians, cited the date as 1st Muharrem 420, i.e. January 20th, 1029.
Upon his father’s illness Alparslan halted the attacks of Ghaznavids by taking over the rule of the state when he was very young. The victories he won against Karakhanids (1049) and Ghaznavids (1058) while his father was still alive, allowed him to gain reputation in the Khorasan Seljuks, whom he ruled as the heir in the last years of Çağrı Bey, and even in the entire Seljuk territory. For this reason, he became the Melik of Khorasan upon the death of Çağrı Bey in 1059.
Alparslan, refused to accept the sultanate of Süleyman who was ascended to the throne by Sultan Tuğrul’s will, Since Sultan Tuğrul died without leaving a son and began to struggle. He had to go against the emirs of Huttalan and Sâgâniyan and his uncle Inanç Yabgu, who revolted all upon the death of Tugrul Bey. Alparslan, who discouraged Inanç Yabgu by defeating him and left him at his own place, moved to Rey, the capital of the empire, with a huge army after suppressing the rebels.
However, during the delay caused by these occupations, Kutalmış, who declared his sultanate by having a khutbah given in his name, moved towards Rey with his army of 50,000 men and put the confronting forces to rout. As for Süleyman, he initially left Rey then retreated to Shiraz after noticing his weakness compared to his rivals, who hadn’t accepted his sultanate.
Kavurd, the Melik of Kirman, who came near Isfahan, upon Alparslan’s entry to the government, returned to his lands and had a khutbah given in the name of Alparslan. After Alparslan ascended to the throne and minted coin having a khutbah given in his name, his sultanate was approved and announced by the Abbasid Caliph Kâim Biemrillâh. During his reign, Alparslan gave more weight to the western expansion of the empire; organized campaigns in the west for conquests and in the east for securing the order.
The main reason was that East Anatolian high plateaus, which were discovered during the expeditions on Byzantium forty five years ago by his father Çağrı Bey, were assumed to be the best place for settling Turcoman. These Turcoman, who spread to all over the Seljuk territory and occasionally caused some social distresses with the ceaseless ongoing migrations since the beginning of the 11th century, had to be settled in a country, which fit the conditions they were accustomed to.
Alparslan moved from Rey to Azerbaijan with Malik-Shah, whom he loved the most amongst his children, and with Nizam’al-Mulk, his former vizier whom he brought from Khorasan. By continuing the conquests along the path to Eastern Anatolia, he besieged Ani, the best guarded city of Byzantines in the region. On August 16th, 1064 the city was captured by Seljuks.
When Alpaslan was informed that Kavurd, the Kirman Melik, had adopted a rebellious attitude, he returned to Rey, leaving the campaign on Eastern Anatolia incomplete and then in December 1064 he went to Hamadan. After Kavurd begged his pardon, Alpaslan went to Merv where he lived while he was the Melik of Khorasan and spent the winter there. At the beginning of 1067, Kavurd, the Melik of Kirman, revolted again. Forgiving his elder brother was an indicator of the fact that he tried to enchain him by showing kindness. But, since Kavurd and others revolted again, Alparslan advanced on Caucasia for the second time in the beginning of 1068. His purpose was to annex Azerbaijan the way it couldn’t be the source of unrests.
Alparslan, who is considered as the ancestor of the Western Turks, had a grandeur, bold, brave and mighty personality as clearly shown by the given title, the epithets, and descriptions and as stated by the consensus of opinion among Arab and Byzantine historians. Besides his monumental physique he was renowned for being just, as can be seen from his attitude towards his elder brother Kavurd and Romanos Diogenes, whom he showed that he was forgiving and tolerant. He was a quite a devout Muslim and was known as a faithful practitioner of religious provisions.
This aspect of him raised him to the degree of a velî (T. N. Muslim Saint) in the heart of the public, led him to be attributed to many miracles. It was recorded in ancient history that in his palace there was an imaret where fifty sheep were slaughtered every day and that he gave some spending money to the poor whose names were organized in lists.
Almost every city in the countries, which Islam had not influenced yet, he built mosques; it was known that he managed the reconstruction works, for which he could not find enough time to deal with due to military works, and social activities such as gathering the artists, scientists and intellectuals and putting them under the protection of the government through his vizier Nizamul-Mulk. The large number of gold coins he minted shows the economic growth and prosperity of the era.
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Who was Batuga ?
who was Batuga ?
In the series Destan we have seen him as the son of Alpagu Khan who was the king of Sky Empire (Gok).
Now there are many questions like was he in the history ? What is the name of actor who played Batuga ?
According to our research it seems that Batuga is a fictional character. There was no one named Batuga in history, but it was built on historical events and people that occurred before Islam came to Turks.
Batuga character, played by successful actor Edip Tepeli.
Who is Edip Tepeli ?
Edip Tepeli, who played the character of Batuga in the epic series, is a graduate of Istanbul University State Conservatory Theater Department. Edip Tepeli, who also studied at City Theatres, lived with Kurt Seyit and Şura TV series; He has acted in productions such as Who Takes You, Stars As My Witness, The Unlived, Vital and Others, and The Art of Survival for Beginners.
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Emir Bozan – The Slave of Ghazni
Welcome to our another article.
In this article we will know who was Emir Bozan.
His full name was Tuğrul Bozan
There is dispute that he was the slave of Sultan Mesut or the soldier of Sultan Mesut.
Tuğrul Bozan is the sultan of the Ghazna State of gulam origin, who ruled for nearly 50 years in 1052 and was not from the Ghaznavid dynasty.
He gave the task of stopping the Seljuks to Tuğrul Bozan, who was appointed as the commander-in-chief by Sultan Abdürreşit. Tughrul Bozan was originally a Ghaznavid emir who ruled the Bast region on behalf of the Ghaznavid Empire.But before learning more about this character, it is important to know.
The Ghaznavid Empire and the Seljuk Empire were both Sunni empires and every Muslim knows about the Ghaznavid Empire with reference to Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. That how he made seventeen attacks on Gujarat to destroy the temple of Somnath and finally destroyed the biggest idol of the temple of Somnath and became known as the idol breaker forever in history.
Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni was a very honest, very brave and just king.After him his son Abdul Rashid was also a good and humble ruler.Which attached great importance to mutual consultation. The affairs of the Sultanate of Ghazni were settled by mutual consultation but in spite of these virtues Sultan Abdul Rashid lacked political understanding and immaturity in state affairs.
Due to which the empire of Ghazni became a victim of internal weakness and other powers were raising their heads to gain a foothold in their empire to take advantage of this state weakness.In such a situation, the Seljuks had taken over Khorasan and their chief Chagri Bey and son Alp Arslan had become a major threat to the Ghaznavid Empire.Sultan Abdul Rashid of the Ghaznavid Empire was aware of this growing threat and in order to eliminate this Seljuk threat he made Tughrul Bozan, a loyal slave of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, the commander of the Ghaznavid army.
This decision of Sultan Abdul Rashid proved to be right in favor of the Ghaznavid Empire and Tughrul Bozan defeated Sultan Alp Arsalan in the battle of Hopyan.Hopyan is the name of an area in the Hindu Kush and this war was fought in 1051.Tughrul Bozan then advanced towards Sistan and defeated Musa Yabqu, uncle of Chagri Bey. After this battle, Tughrul Bozan also defeated Chagri Bey after a fierce battle in Bast area which was a part of Ghazni. The Seljuks were defeated in three battles with Tughrul Bozan in 1051
Thus Tughrul Bozan, who had been appointed to stop the advance of the Seljuks, fulfilled his position. After defeating the Seljuks in 1051, the position of the Ghaznavid Empire was much stronger than that of the Seljuks. Tughrul Bozan, seeing his conquests, set his eyes on the Ghaznavid Empire.
Since Tughrul Bozan was a slave of Turkestan who was sent to serve Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni and by the time of Sultan Masood, Tughrul Bozan had gained considerable influence in the Ghazni court. After getting the post of Hajib, Tughrul Bozan’s speech was very important in the palace and at the same time Tughrul Bozan was very influential in the Ghaznavid army. that is why after winning three consecutive wars against the Seljuks, Tughrul Bozan’s spirits soared.
But Tughrul Bozan could not capture the fort of Tak, which he had besieged for a month. Tughrul then made a move and wrote a letter to Sultan Abdul Rashid claiming the army’s infidelity. Sultan Abdul Rashid was alarmed by this situation and locked himself in the fort for fear of military coup.Meanwhile, Tughrul gained the support of the army and entered the palace
He took advantage of the trust of Sultan Abdul Rashid, disqualified him and seized the throne of Ghazni. He carried out this revolt in the beginning of 1052, first he entered the palace and killed Sultan Abdul Rashid.He then killed 11 Ghaznavid princes.Three princes, Farrukhzad, Ibrahim and Shuja managed to escape. On the contrary, Tughrul Bozan was also called Kafir Bozan for killing eleven princes.
Tughrul Bozan remained the Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire for 40 to 57 days after the massacre. After taking control of the Ghaznavid Empire, Tughrul Bozan wrote a letter to Tostagin Kyrgyz, commander of the Ghaznavid forces in India. In the letter, support was requested from him. In response, Kyrgyz condemn the assassination of 11 Ghaznavid princes at the hands of Tughrul Bozan.
Meanwhile, Tughrul Bozan married the daughter of Sultan Masood I to justify his reign and started releasing coins of his pictures.
But Tostagin Kyrgyz, commander of the Ghaznavid forces stationed in India, was sending letters to military commanders.In which they were embarrassed that they have not been able to do anything against Tughrul Bozan so farThe effect of these letters was that military commanders incited a slave named Noshtagin to kill Tughrul.And the circumstances of his death became such that this slave of Sultan Masood, Nushtagin, was waiting for an opportunity to attack Tughrul Bozan in any way.One day he took the opportunity to attack Tughrul Bozan with a dagger which killed him
Who is Yurdaer Okur?
Yurdaer Okur is 47 years old. He was born on October 29, 1974 in Rize. After graduating from Bafra High School, he entered Akdeniz University, Department of Tourism Management. After studying at this school for three years, he won the Hacettepe University State Conservatory Theater Department in 1994. Later he got her master’s degree from Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University State Conservatory.
Having met Genco Erkal in 1999, Okur joined the Dostlar Theater and played in the play Barefoot Socrates. Then, in 2000, he started to appear as a casual actor at the Istanbul State Theatre. Later, in 2002, he was appointed to the Diyarbakir State Theater on a permanent basis. Starting from 2000, he took part in and directed many plays within the General Directorate of State Theaters. She gave drama lessons to young people from Diyarbakır. He has been married to Dilara Yalçın Okur since 2011.
Now the main thing we have to see is how will the director show the us the history will Alparslan be able to kill Bozan.
As we have seen in trailer that Alparslan has been seen sitting on throne of Bust.
As per our knowledge it seems that Bozan will run to Ghazne.
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Who Is Selvi Hatun ?
You all are curious about Selvi Hatun which is new character in our favorite drama Kurulus Osman.
Until now we only know a little things and we think it is a fictional character because there is no family information of Malhun Hatun there are disputes in her biography whether she was the daughter of Umur Bey or Sheikh Edebali.
But we know that she is the daughter of Malhun’s uncle Ivaz Bey who will also be soon on our screens.
She is engaged with Barkin bey who has killed Umur Bey in the last episode.
Now Bozdag has introduced Selvi Hatun as a traitor Malhun Hatun but according to our analysis once she learns that Barkin has killed Umur Bey she will be friend to Malhun hatun and not be hurting her.
Unfortunately, In Kurulus Osman Episode 96 we have seen that Selvi Hatun died.
Let us know about the actress who played the character of Selvi Hatun
Our 29-year-old actress Zehra Yılmaz was born on 30 July 1992 in Mersin. Zehra Yılmaz, who graduated from Marmara University, Radio, Television and Cinema Department, later studied acting at Cüneyt Sayıl Acting Workshop. Our actor, who went to the camera for the first time in 2016 with the Bodrum Tale series, received great acclaim with the Rana character she played in the series and took part in the Black Writing series the following year. Establishment Osman, who appeared in front of the camera with the Heart Wound series, in which she gave life to the character of Betül in 2022, was included in the cast of the series.
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